WHAT IS THE ROLE OF TERTIARY EDUCATION IN PROMOTING ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA?
Secondary analysis of macro-economic data from the World Bank is conducted in order to investigate the role of tertiary education in promoting economic development in India since the neoliberal economic reforms of the 1990’s. Globalisation Theory provides the theoretical framework to analyse the economic rationale for expanding Higher Education (HE), by incorporating a greater role for the private sector and directing a greater proportion of public funds towards specialised Institutions, as an instrument through which to realise economic growth and emerge as a key player in the global knowledge economy.
Comprehensive background analysis reveals that globalisation manifests itself in HE through commercialisation, privatisation and capitalisation which are driven through financial considerations rather than a coherent strategy for improving education. The de facto privatisation of HE in India, which emerges against a background of reduced government investment, appears chaotic and unplanned. In 2005 the government belatedly began to recognise knowledge as the key driving force in the 21st Century and the National Knowledge Commission it created has helped influence educational policy by emphasising the importance of HE not only in contributing to economic development but also social progress and political democracy (NKC, p62, 2009).
Statistical analysis reveals significant correlation between enrolment in HE and economic growth over the period but cautions that HE is only part of socioeconomic policy and that additional research is required to prove causation. Establishing HE as a necessary, but not sufficient, precondition for economic growth, an education production function is developed which incorporates other precipitant factors, such as digital communications infrastructure, innovation, and a business friendly regulatory environment. Only by considering investment in HE in consort with these other components of socioeconomic policy prescription, and in conjunction with action to address market failure in the sector through the introduction of a credible and universal system of quality assurance, can India seek to maximise the contribution of HE to economic development.
THE IMPACT OF SOCIOECONOMIC BACKGROUND ON PARTICIPATION IN MATHEMATICS AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT
The social class gap for educational achievement in the United Kingdom remains one of the most pronounced in the developed world so, perhaps, it is not surprising that it is social class, (rather than gender, ethnicity or other variables) which remains the strongest predictor of educational achievement (Perry & Francis, p2, 2010). This paper will adopt a mixed methods approach to investigate the affects of socioeconomic background on both academic achievement and participation in the post-compulsory Mathematics Curriculum.
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SCHOOL DINNERS: HEALTHY SCHOOLS AT THE VANGUARD IN THE OFFENSIVE ON CHILDHOOD OBESITY?
The causes of childhood obesity are complex encompassing myriad factors, such as biology and behaviour, situated in a cultural, environmental and social framework (GoS, p2, 2007). Economic modelling suggests that by 2050 25% of all children in the United Kingdom could be clinically obese contributing to an increased incidence of related conditions, such as Diabetes and Heart Disease, that will double the financial burden placed on the country’s National Health Service (NHS) to £10billion (GoS, p2, 2007). Schools are ideally located to offer health promotion programmes to mitigate these deleterious effects as the World Health Organisation (WHO) has shown a powerful link between a child’s health and education; the potential for almost every nation in the world to improve the well being of its citizens through school health programmes is a reflection of the global nature of this obesity pandemic (Moon et al, p111, 2009; Triggle, 2011).
AIM HIGHER: STUDENT LEADERSHIP AS A COMPONENT OF BEHAVIOUR FOR LEARNING
This research project seeks to explore the extent to which the learning environment within a school can be improved by capitalising on the intellectual and leadership potential of pupils themselves to innovate, identify and contribute to the direction of their own learning through the introduction of a Student Leader Scheme as a component of whole-school behaviour for learning policy. It sets out a rudimentary framework that has served as the basis for a pilot scheme that has been used with a top set year 9 mathematics class for the academic year 2012/13. By analysing the results of pupils’ experiences as Student Leader throughout the year, the project establishes that not only is there broad support for the idea of increased Student Leadership but that there is an appetite to extend the mandate and responsibilities that the position entails. It suggests that by incorporating this feedback and extending the scheme to other mathematics classes and the sociology department for the academic year 2013/14 an effective Student Leadership Scheme can be developed that can be rolled out across the school.
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PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF LARGE SETS OF DATA: HISTOGRAMS AND BOX PLOTS
From an early age, there is an understanding that statistics are employed to assist learning and decision-making, and in so doing they represent the confluence of mathematics and the ‘real’ world (Graham, 2006, pviii). As long ago as 1865 H.G. Wells recognised the importance of ‘statistical thinking’, alongside reading and writing, in promoting ‘efficient citizenship’ (Graham, 2006, pviii). Within the context of an overall National Curriculum which aims to build on the Primary framework and help all young people to become ‘successful learners, confident individuals and responsible citizens’ it is, perhaps, unsurprising that today statistics occupies a key area in the Mathematics curriculum (QCA, 2007, p155). This assignment will focus, in particular, on the presentation and analysis of large sets of data by exploring the pedagogy for lessons on histograms and box plots which constitute part of the ‘handling data cycle’ within the statistics section of the Key Stage 4 Mathematics curriculum (QCA, 2007, p162).
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CHARTING THE NEXUS: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EDUCATION, ECONOMIC GROWTH, AND STATE FORMATION IN PAKISTAN AND SOUTH KOREA
The comparative analysis will seek to examine the complex relationship between education, economic growth and state formation to explore whether differences in the way educational policy has been manipulated by the Pakistani and South Korean governments can be used to explain the stark dichotomy that has emerged between the levels of development in these countries in terms of myriad factors including economic growth, social cohesion and the quality of education.
Download: EID Comparitive Analysis
BRIDGING THE DIGITAL DIVIDE: ANALYSING THE IMPACT OF QUALITY EDUCATION ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA THROUGH GLOBALISATION AND HUMAN CAPITAL THEORY
Whilst the complex dialectical relationship between the quality and quantity of education is recognised in this paper, it will focus on the impact of the quality of education in India and its contribution to economic development.
THE IMPACT OF OPIUM PRODUCTION ON LEVELS OF TERRORIST VIOLENCE IN AFGHANISTAN
The illicit narcotics industry in Afghanistan dominates the economy and pervades all aspects of the international heroin market. In a country devoid of many other natural resources, this beacon of economic opportunity has encouraged the
evolution of a triangular relationship between the Taliban, insurgents and organised criminals that seeks to collectively undermine the state in order to benefit from the cultivation, production, processing and trafficking of drugs. This investigation will conduct a quantitative analysis of country-level data pertaining to the production of opium and the level of terrorist violence which will enable an assessment of the merits of integrating counter-narcotics operations into the heart of counter-terrorist policy. It will conclude that there is a high degree of correlation between opium production and terrorist violence and posits that the deleterious effects of the opiate economy can be tackled only through sustained and multinational long-term action.
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Additional papers on international relations, terrorism and political violence can be found here.